By Frédéric Mérand
Following a lengthy and difficult economic crisis, the departure of the United Kingdom (Brexit) has led to fears that the European Union would disintegrate. For the time being, the Union has survived, falling back on its major strengths: the common currency (the euro) and the common market.
Although its institutions have proved to be more solid than expected, Europe appears to be divided into two camps: the progressives, led by a vacillating French-German twosome, and the nationalists, mobilized around Italian, Hungarian and Polish populists. Will supranationalism, which was to be the crowning achievement of the European integration that began in the 1950s, end up signalling its demise?